Moving Through Film, Television and History

By Yesmil Cepeda

The Museum of Moving Image is the only museum in the country focusing on the history and technique of moving images from the past all the way to the future. It has interacting exhibits, films, NYC Film Festival 2022, and discussions about important historical figures in film and TV. In March 6, 2022, the museum featured exhibits on the first cameras, deepfakes,  Jim Hensen and live props from the Black Swan, Nightmare on Elm Street and The Exorcist.

Magic lanterns were the inspiration for moving images and Europeans began having ideas of what could be done with pictures.

Film stock helped create the idea of videotapes. A man named Eastman Kodak made a film of celluloid in 1889 which was strong enough to move through projectors and cameras and upheld tension and stopping.

When talking films became popular, everyone wanted to be a part of it and many sound projectors were made.

This is one of the first television cameras made in the 1920s for a broadcast. Since there were so many add-ons for the camera made by so many people, there is not one inventor.

Funny enough, the way film projectors are made hasn’t changed since the first one made in 1920. Projectors move at 24 frames per second and the ‘shutter wheels’ spin with a bright and dark light. When the light area is shown, the frame is exposed.

The Deepfake Exhibit explained what they are, how people use them to their advantage and some of the biggest examples known today. Was the Moon Landing real or just one of the biggest and questionable deepfakes?

Deepfakes are simulations that show people things that others never did or said. It is widely used technique and face-swapping is the most popular.

Jim Hensen was widely known for his puppet characters the Muppets and some of the most popular Sesame Street characters.

Here are the popular children’s characters you know and love that Hensen created. Big Bird is one of the hardest puppets to perform. The puppeteer uses one hand for the eyes and mouth, and the other arm to move the left-wing. The right-wing is moved by a wire attached to the body. Meanwhile, the puppeteer read the script from a taped page inside the body.

Digital effects and special makeup are used for faces such as Chewbacca in Star Wars, The Mask, and Mrs. Doubtfire.

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